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Agriculture in Morocco PDF Print E-mail

WheatThe economy of Morocco is heavily dependant on agriculture. Fifty five percent of the population live in rural areas and 37 percent of the workforce is involved in agriculture. Agriculture accounts for some18 percent of Morocco's GDP. Agricultural production is important for domestic self sufficiency in food stuffs, for example wheat and sugar, and for exports like citrus fruits.

Agriculture in Morocco is predominantly dryland cereals; on irrigated land, citrus fruits, sugar cane, sugar beet and vegetables are also widely grown.

The key problems facing agriculture in Morocco are:

  • Traditional farm systems, small farm size and low yields of e.g. cereals
  • Lack of rain, the major constraint over the last 15-20 years.
  • The development of water resources for irrigation is reaching its limit. Future increases in areas under irrigation will come from increasing the efficiency of water use rather than tapping new sources. The most widely used method of irrigation is flood irrigation from open channels
  • Loss of markets in Europe for major export crops including citrus fruits and tomatoes. The growth of the EU has slowly squeezed Morocco out of its traditional market in France.
 

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