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Kargaly PDF Print E-mail
Water containersKargaly is a village of about 270 families (1300 people). In 2001 the mayor of the village approached Agrinas to ask for assistance in establishing a water delivery service. The village had a deep well, but no piping to the streets. Agrinas agreed, and what followed was a project which was successfully implemented from 2002 to the beginning of 2003. The project consisted of the purchase and delivery of a new water truck, water containers for 68 poorest families, and water testing of the village deep well and shallow backyard wells.

Water truckTo this day water deliveries are being made to homes in the village. It is sustainable because the mayor of the village has an agreement with a local resident to maintain the deep well and the truck, make water deliveries, and receive payment from citizens for his deliveries. This work is out of the hands of the local government and in the hands of a private citizen.

Water truckBacteriological and TDS testing was done for 11 wells. A one-time sampling of the shallow and deep aquifers was also conducted for arsenic and organo-pesticides. Results of the water testing for bacteria showed that the village deep well was clean, and that there were seasonal variations in coliform counts in the shallow wells. The deep well (850 m) was not highly mineralized (500 ppm). No arsenic or pesticide contamination exists in either aquifer. However, results of shallow well testing were interesting. TDS variations in single shallow wells of almost 2000 ppm (up to 4070 ppm) were documented along with variations of up to 30 mg/l nitrate. Water level fluctuations of 1.5 to 2 meters in the shallow aquifer were also noted with irrigation season changes. About one-fifth of the shallow wells showed elevated levels of nitrates.

The poor water quality of the shallow wells can be attributed to the influence of pit latrines and animal corals which most of the 270 families have. During at least part of the year the groundwater level reaches the level of the waste pit of the latrines, releasing large amounts of salts and nitrates into the water. For these reasons we were able to show the villagers that they should use the water delivery service, and that the other water was not fit for drinking.

Embassy Almaty
This project was funded by the Dutch Embassy.


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